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Skills Ladders

Pupils working at Literacy

In response to the question, “What more can be done to help all pupils make as much progress in English as they can?” Estyn states that schools should make certain that pupils’ progress is not constrained by gaps in coverage of the teaching programmes or a lack of continuity in their learning.

The skills ladders provide progression models of skills development in oracy, reading and writing. They provide clear teaching objectives based on skills. They are linked to Foundation Phase and National Curriculum levels to provide support for on-going assessment. They were developed with support from a working party consisting of Literacy coordinators from Swansea primary schools.

Much of the content of the skills ladders was informed by material from the following resources:

  1. Foundation Phase Framework for children’s learning. DCELLS
  1. Language, Literacy and Communication Skills. DCELLS
  1. English in the National Curriculum for Wales Key Stages 2-4. DCELLS
  1. Skills Framework for 3 to 19 year olds in Wales. DCELLS
  1. Speaking, Listening, Learning: working with children in Key Stages 1 and 2. DFES/QCA
  1. Primary Framework for Literacy. DFES/QCA

We are currently developing a version of the skills ladders that include “I can…” statements which can be used with children to support assessment for learning and target setting. These will appear shortly.

The following documents outline skills progressions in Reading, Writing and Oracy:

Document Title



Reading Skills Ladder (updated Feb 2012)

Word Document PDF Document

Writing Skills Ladder (updated Feb 2012)

Word Document PDF Document

Oracy Skills Ladder (updated Feb 2012)

Word Document PDF Document